By Museera Zahid

EATING DISORDERS

EATING DISORDERS

Many people have eating disorders without the knowledge that they persist it. Improper eating may be a sign of psychological condition like depression, anxiety, tension, or of an emotional condition like excitement, happiness or sadness and may be caused by genetically. Mostly young ones develop this kind of habit, specifically the women who have a greater chance to develop the eating disorder as compared to men.

TYPES

There are 3 types of eating disorders that are known worldwide.

  • ANOREXIA NERVOSA
  • BULIMIA NERVOSA
  • BINGE EATING DISORDER

ANOREXIA NERVOSA is a condition that is characterized by loss of appetite usually resulted from excessive exercise and diet, or in some cases may be due to any disease/drug therapy. Due to less nutrition intake, body tissues get fewer nutrients leading to loss of muscle mass. The person having anorexia becomes underweight and develops many health problems such as anaemia, osteoporosis, dehydration, fainting, yellowish skin, hypotension, irregular heart rhythms, constipation, intolerance to cold, bluishness of fingers, insomnia, fatigue, absence of menstruation, swelling of arms or legs, kidney problems and emotionally they have irritability, depressed mood, social withdrawal, thoughts of suicide or sudden death may occur.

BULIMIA NERVOSA is a condition of overeating with a guilt of overeating and try to compensate it by intentionally vomiting the eaten food or by other behaviours. Often people with bulimia have a normal weight but they see themselves as ‘fat’ and try to reduce their weight by doing excessive exercise but can’t control their overeating habits. They may develop dental problems (tooth decay, toothaches, gum diseases), abnormal heart rhythms, kidney problems, bleeding from oesophagus resulted from excessive reflux of stomach acid.

BINGE EATING DISORDER is a condition in which people overeat food without the guilt and they don’t try to compensate it by exercise or by other means. They usually are over weighted and obese. As persons become obese they develop many serious heart diseases, diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, irregular heart rhythm etc.

OTHER EATING DISORDERS

PICA is a condition of eating non-food items such as soap, mud, iron made things etc which may cause poisoning, infections or other serious medical conditions.

RUMINATION DISORDER is a condition of regurgitating food after eating for rechewing or re-swallowing or to spit it out. It is often seen in infants or intellectual disable patients.

RESTRICTIVE FOOD INTAKE DISORDER is a condition in which person doesn’t take the minimum nutrition required for a healthy life due to the reason of disliking the colour, smell, shape, taste of food and fear of choking of food leading to losing weight and improper health.

If you or your loved ones have these improper eating habits then you should consult the doctor or pharmacist who can help you in proper diagnosis of your condition and will help you in treating it.

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